Oct201011

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If you’re new to the gym scene and the thought of lifting weights or running on a treadmill doesn’t get you in a sweat, then all the complicated words that go with exercise probably will.

However, with a little bit of explanation, all the jargon will become that much more clearer.

ABDOMINAL MUSCLES

These are the muscles in your stomach. If someone has a well developed mid-region they are said to have a “six-pack”.

AEROBIC TRAINING

Training which requires plenty of oxygen. It works your body’s muscles which increases your heart rate and strengthens the heart and lungs.

ANAEROBIC TRAINING

Training which uses movements which require very little oxygen. These are quick explosive actions which last a short space of time such as sprinting.

AGILITY

The power of moving the limbs quickly and easily; nimbleness; activity; quickness of motion; as, strength and agility of body.

CARDIOVASCULAR TRAINING

Training, such as aerobics, running or cycling, that strengthens the heart and the blood vessels and helps to build up your general fitness.

COOL DOWN

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A form of light training or stretching which allows your body to gradually slow down after exercise.

LACTIC ACID

A liquid which is produced in muscles as a result of anaerobic training. It slows down the body if it builds up too much.

PECTORAL MUSCLES

The muscles in your chest which allow you to push your arms forward. Familiarly called the pecs.

SET

A fixed number of repetitions. For example, eight repetitions of a bicep or tricep curl may make one set.

TRAPEZIUS MUSCLES

These are the largest muscles in the back and neck that draw the head backwards and rotate the scapula.

V02 MAX

The maximum amount of oxygen a person can use in a one minute work out. A high V02 max makes the body more efficient for performance.

WARM-UP

This is preparation time before the proper work out begins. This may include light jogging to get the blood flowing through the muscles.